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School of Divinity
The Great Migrations into the Western Roman Empire...Barbarian Invasions from 395AD

New College

Arian Kingdoms

Map showing Arain Kingdoms

The Vandal, Visigothic and Ostrogothic kingdoms were all Arian, having been converted to Christianity during the 330s, 40s and 50s by the then leading bishops of the East, who were of that theological bent. Although a number of prominent bishops, monks and theologians backed the Nicene cause, it was Justinian's reconquest of Italy and North Africa in the 530s and the conversion of the remaining pagan kingdoms which were to turn the tide. The conversion of Clovis, King of the Franks, in 496, marks an upsurge in Nicene fortunes, and the Anglo-Saxons, Irish/Scots, and Picts never seem to have been interested in Arianism. These outlying nations had perhaps more to gain from connection to the bishop of Rome and to the Byzantine empire than they had from connection to the other immigrant kingdoms. Finally, in 589, Visigothic Spain converted to Nicene Christianity under king Reccared, bringing an end to Arianism as a state religion.